Are peanuts vegetables or fruits?

Are peanuts vegetables or fruits

Peanuts are actually neither vegetables nor fruits. They are actually legumes, which means they belong to the same family as beans, lentils, and peas. While they are often referred to as nuts, they are technically not nuts either.

Peanuts are the most popular common snacks around the world. They are tasty as well as easy to get. People of all ages are fond of this food. But most of them don’t know which food group they belong to. Are peanut vegetables or fruits? Let’s dive deep into the details.

First of all, you need to know about peanut as legumes. Then, we will know about the core difference between fruits and vegetables. After that, we will move into peanuts as vegetables and fruits.

Are peanut legumes?

Peanuts are plants that grow in pots. The pot has seeds inside it. Although they are nuts with their name, we can’t consider peanuts as a nut. Peanuts are legumes related to beans, lentils, and soils and grow underground.

Most of the peanut nutrition resembles legumes rather than fruits because they are high in protein content, fiber, potassium, and low in carbohydrates.

However, they are opposed to nuts like Almonds, walnuts and belong to a single plant family. But you will be surprised to know that peanuts as legumes are vegetables. Don’t know how? Let’s know more details about it.


Are legumes and vegetables the same?

Vegetables come from different plant parts, including leaves, root, flowers, stems, tubes, or seeds. They have very little carbohydrates like nuts, including—lettuce, cabbage, onion, radish, and watercress.

Wherein legumes take birth as seeds of the plant. Legumes can be eaten in their immature form as beans and peas and mature form as lentils, dry beans. Legumes have almost the same protein and nutrition as vegetables containing folate and potassium.


Difference between fruits and vegetables:

You will be surprised to know that many fruits are mistakes with vegetables. Tomato, Sweet pepper, cucumber, pumpkins are the container of seeds, but they are actually fruits. Are you surprised? Let’s know in detail the difference between fruits and vegetables.

Fruits are the mature ovary of higher flowery plants. Flowers contain the plant’s reproductive organs; for example-berry is the fruit that comes from a flower with a single ovary. But the single ovary can contain multiple seeds. For example- Avocado has a single seed, and tomato or cucumber has multiple seeds.

Moreover, fruit tissue consists of three layers. If you cut down a tomato, you will find all the layers one by one. Similarly, orange, cucumbers, avocado are also from the group of fruits. You can’t see fruits on moss, fern, or pine trees.

On the other hand, the vegetable is the edible part of the plant as stalks, root, tuber, bulbs even flower buds.

Are peanuts fruit or vegetable?

Nuts are also a type of fruit with completely dry pericarps, which means they don’t open up to release their seeds. Fruits develop from the ovary of a plant. The plant forms a wall around it when the ovary matures.

In the case of apple and peaches, the ovary wall is the skin of the fruit. In the case of nuts, the ovary wall remains hard and is the shell of the nut.

But in the case of peanuts, the case is different. Peanuts are legumes which is botanically a vegetable. They are also known as groundnut or earthnut because they grow underground, just like a carrot, potato, and other root vegetables.

However, peanuts almost resemble other nuts like walnut, cashews, pecans, pine nuts, pistachios, almonds considering nutrient profiles and characteristics. Peanuts also are considered as fruit when they are dry. According to culinary classification, fruits are sweet or tart. On the other hand, vegetables are bitter, mild, savory.

Considering the above matter, we can say, peanuts are not a nut, but it is not a fruit either. Peanuts are from the family of legumes like peas and beans that can be eaten in an immature form and like lentils in mature form. Without making any confusion on are peanuts vegetables or not, we must focus on peanuts health benefits in our life.

Peanuts are a good source of several important nutrients, including:

  1. Protein: Peanuts contain high-quality plant protein, making them a good alternative to animal protein sources.
  2. Fiber: Peanuts are high in fiber, which can help regulate digestion and prevent constipation.
  3. Healthy Fats: Peanuts are high in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are beneficial for heart health.
  4. Antioxidants: Peanuts contain antioxidants, such as resveratrol, which can help protect cells from damage.
  5. Vitamin E: Peanuts are an excellent source of Vitamin E, an antioxidant that helps protect the skin and eyes from damage.
  6. Magnesium: Peanuts are a good source of magnesium, which helps regulate heart rhythm, support strong bones, and maintain healthy nerve function.

It’s important to note that peanuts are high in calories and should be consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet.


In conclusion, peanuts are neither vegetables nor fruits. They are legumes, which are plants that produce pods with seeds inside. Peanuts are not true nuts either, but are often classified as such due to their nut-like flavor and texture. Despite their botanical classification, peanuts are a nutritious food source and are commonly used in various cuisines around the world.

FAQs on Peanuts as Vegetables or Fruits:

Q: Are peanuts fruits or vegetables?

A: Peanuts are legumes, not fruits or vegetables.

Q: What is a legume?

A: A legume is a type of plant that grows in pods and is often used as a food source.

Q: What are some other examples of legumes?

A: Some common examples of legumes include lentils, beans, and chickpeas.

Q: Are peanuts considered a healthy food?

A: Peanuts can be a healthy food choice when consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet. They are high in protein, healthy fats, and fiber.

Q: Can peanuts be part of a vegetarian or vegan diet?

A: Yes, peanuts are a common protein source for vegetarians and vegans.




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