Wash vegetables: 4 different ways to know
Fresh Fruits and vegetables provide immunity and protect our body from various diseases and infections. But do unwashed vegetables properly provide nutrition to our body? The answer is no.
If you don’t wash vegetables properly, you will not get actual benefit out of it; rather it will bring a lot of harm to your body and will create infection and virus. Coronavirus is spreading rapidly around the world.
Although there is no evidence to prove that coronavirus spreads through food but still during this pandemic situation, it is compulsory to ensure proper cleansing of your fruits and vegetables before cooking or eating.
So in that case, most people wash vegetables with detergent or soup that is harmful to your health and can cause gastrointestinal distress and some other serious long-term implications.
How can you clean vegetables following an accurate method? Here you will know about 4 different easier ways to make your vegetables clean. Have a look.
Why should you clean vegetables?
“According to the Food and Drug Administration, 48 million people get sick from contaminated food each year.”
People who eat contaminated food can get sick. “In recent years, outbreaks of foodborne illnesses have occurred because of bacteria on cantaloupe, lettuce, tomatoes, and spinach(FDA).” Foodborne causes stomach cramps, diarrhea, vomiting, fever, headaches, or muscle aches.
Two major risks of eating unwashed vegetables are pesticides (chemicals to grow food) and bacterial contamination. “Besides, health officials, FDA, and CDC discovered an outbreak of Escherichia coli infections from contaminated lettuce in January 2019.”
“According to the Environmental Working Group, a nonprofit organization, almost 70% of fruits and vegetables in the United States have pesticide residue, even after washing.” Elsewhere, improper storage also contaminates veggies. Besides, fresh fruits also contain germs like Salmonella, E. coli, or Listeria.
So, if you don’t wash raw food properly, it can bring harm especially for children under 5 years, pregnant women, old age people, or people with weakened immunity systems.
4 ways to wash vegetables:
- 1. Washing vegetables with plain water only:
You should start with washing your hand properly with soup to reduce the chance of transferring microbes from your hand to the fresh products. Put your products under running water and rub them off with your hand or brush to remove dirt and surface microorganisms. But don’t wash your vegetables with boiling water that can allow microorganisms to enter the stem or blossom end of the product.
How to make vegetables unstained with salt:
One of the best ways of removing pesticides from your veggies is by washing them with salt. ” Many NGO and advocacy groups have found from various researches, fruits and vegetables that come from the market have a harmful amount of pesticides.”(Times Now News.com)
“According to the Centre for Science and Environment, high levels of pesticide residue in fruits and vegetables can be toxic and may cause long-term cancer, damage to the nervous and reproductive systems in the body. It can also cause birth defects and disruption of the immune system.”
How you can remove the number of pesticides from your veggies?
- Add 2% of salt in normal water
- Soak vegetables and rinse well.
This process will ensure almost 70-20 percent of cleanliness in your vegetables. (Centre for Science and Environment,)
Another way of using salt is:-
- Mix around 2 tsp salt to around 4 cups of warm water.
- Stir the water with a spoon to dissolve the salt.
- Soak the vegetables for 10 minutes and then rinse well with plain water.
But this process is not applicable to fragile fruits.
For cleaning leafy vegetables, it is ideal to wash them under runny water. Separate the outer leaves of leafy green vegetables such as cabbage and lettuce before washing. After washing place them in a large bowl of salted ice-cold water for a few minutes. This process will ensure proper sanitization and longevity of your vegetables. For cleaning vegetables like carrots and potatoes, you can apply the scrub wash as—
- Use a scrubber and wash such types of veggies.
- Soak them in cold water for 2 minutes.
- Dry them off and use them afterward.
3. Washing vegetables with vinegar:
Vinegar helps to wash away unwanted bacteria and chemicals. Not only that, but it also kills any spores on the vegetables and can prevent mold from forming earlier. Vinegar contains acid and acid can kill bacteria by getting into bacteria’s cell membrane and causing protons to be released that makes the cell die.
Steps to follow:-
- Take 1 cup of vinegar with 3 cups of water in a bowl or sink.
- Stir well to mix it properly.
- Soak all your vegetables for at least 10 minutes and drain.
- Wash them again in clean water again through rinsing well to remove the vinegar taste.
- Keep them for drying and store them in a bowl where proper breath can pass.
According to Dr. Woods and Dr. Kemble: “Research has shown that a ratio of three parts water to one part vinegar is most effective. “
Cleaning vegetables with baking soda:
A lot of researchers show that adding baking soda to the water is the best way of removing pesticide residue. Baking soda also helps to remove chemical pesticides, dirt, and some other unwanted materials from your veggies. How can you use baking soda? Nutritionist “Karina Heinrich” suggests the best way of cleaning veggies with baking soda.
- It is best to fill your sink with cold water.
- Add 4 tablespoons of baking soda to the water.
- Soak all the vegetables for about 5 minutes.
- Then rinse well under cold running water to remove soda.
- Then leave them for drying.
For leafy vegetables, you can sprinkle baking soda all over the leafy greens and let them sit for about 2 minutes. Then scrub lightly and rinse thoroughly.
Some other tips to avoid contaminating your vegetables:
- Thoroughly wash your hands with soap and warm water before and after handling items.
- Clean any surfaces that your vegetables have touched (cutting boards, counters, knives, etc)
However, don’t peel or cut veggies before washing because bacteria from the outside can get inside the fruit or vegetable. When eating leafy vegetables like lettuce, throw out the outer leaves and wash the inner leaves too.
To sum up, now you know how to wash vegetables following various techniques. If you apply these ways for washing your vegetables, you will keep yourself and your family safe from unwanted illness and serious issues.