What is coronavirus?
The name is such because of its spikes springing from its surface. The spikes resemble the corona of the sun. Coronavirus infects people and animals and creates respiratory tract illnesses. Four kinds of coronaviruses cause different mild infections like the common cold. Most people experience at least one or more coronaviruses at a certain period of their lives. Another type of coronavirus spread in China in the year 2003. It created a more menacing situation known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome or SARS. SARS continued even after sickening 8098 people and killing 774.
In Saudi Arabia, the virus caused Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS.
The name of the new coronavirus is SARS-CoV-2. It causes Covid-19.
Is it as dangerous as it seems?
It is not easy to measure the lethality of any new virus. But this new virus seems to be less deadly than SARS or MERS. This is more significantly lethal than regular flu. The death rate has surpassed 2 percent recently. The flu is occurring in a season when it is normal to spread flu. So, the scientists are speculating the rate could be less than 1 percent.
Among the hospitalized patients in china faced critical illness. The middle-aged and the adults are being infected disproportionately whereas the children are not as infected as the adults.
Men are in more dangerous situations than women as far as death is concerned. Doctors assume the reason behind this is the weak immune system of men and the rate of tobacco addiction. Moreover, men have type 2 diabetes more than women and usually, men have higher blood pressure than women. Sabra Klein, a researcher studying the gender differences in viral illness, claimed that men have worse results than women.
How it spreads:
Specialists accept that a contaminated creature may have first transmitted the infection to people at a market that sold live fish, creatures and winged creatures in Wuhan. The market was later closed down and purified, making it difficult to explore which creature may have been the specific cause.
Bats are a potential source since they have advanced to exist together with numerous infections. They were the beginning stage for SARS. It is likewise conceivable that bats transmitted the infection to a transitional creature. For example, pangolins, which are devoured as a delicacy in parts of China, and may have then given the infection to people.
As people communicate with each other continuously, the disease is spreading faster. Individuals contaminated with the germs produce small respiratory droplets. It happens when they inhale, talk, sneeze or cough. It permits the infection to go through the air.
Mostly the respiratory droplets do not spread more than a couple of feet. Individuals who stay close to the infected person are in danger. Especially relatives and people giving medical services. They may get the infection along these lines.
Researchers don’t have the foggiest idea to what extent the new coronavirus can live on surfaces. And primer research recommends that hot and sticky conditions may not hinder the pathogen’s spread. The warm climate tends to hinder the flu and milder coronaviruses.
Researchers found that the reason for the outbreak of coronavirus in China is the vast population of China and their relation with the animals that coronavirus spreads from. It would be no surprise if more deaths happen shortly in China.
Scientists are saying that one person can spread the disease to 1.4 to 2.5 people on an average. They call it basic reproduction which indicates that the disease has become independent in nature which means the virus will not get destroyed naturally.
The most common symptoms of coronavirus include cough, fever. The difficulty, and shortness in breathing also a symptom. The disease can affect pneumonia and lung lesions. It has some other mild symptoms that are similar to the common flu, cold that can make it difficult to diagnose the disease.
Patients may show other different indications as well. For example, gastrointestinal issues or loose bowels. Current speculations recommend that indications may show up in as not many as two days or up to 14 days in the wake of being presented to the infection.
If you have recently visited places like China, South Korea stay safe. Because these places have seen the most severe cases of coronavirus. If you are also having a cold, go to your health counselor. Make a call at first so that they can prepare the office so that they can stop spreading virus infection from you.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed a test that can easily diagnose if you have coronavirus infection or not. The development was based on the genetic information collected from the Chinese authority.
Once anyone is diagnosed with coronavirus, the treatment is supportive. “The people or doctors around the patient have to make sure that the sufferer is getting enough oxygen, using his ventilator to send air to the lungs and managing his fever well,” said Dr. Julie Vaishampayan, chairwoman, public health committee at the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
However, patients who have a mild case, are advised to rest and drink plenty of water. “while the immune system does its job and heals itself,” she said.
No drug is available as a remedy for any coronavirus disease. Doctors are using an antiviral to treat the first American patient in Washington State. The National Institutes of Health is experimenting with the drug on the patients in Nebraska Hospital.
What Chinese authority is doing?
China has taken the most unprecedented steps against coronavirus. They have separated Wuhan from the rest of the country. An area that covers more than 30 million people. China has banned any kind of social gathering and shut down the visits to tourist places.
On the other hand, people who recently visited China, especially Wuhan are facing strict check-up while going back to their country.
How to stay safe from coronavirus?
- Keep your hands clean. Wash your hands with soap.
- Do not maintain close contact with people who are sick.
- Stay home and take rest if you are sick.
- Cover your face firmly while sneezing.
- Throw used tissue in the bin.
- Wear facemask.
- Bleach your household.
- Wash your hands with alcoholic soap or hand washes.
SARS-CoV-2 that causes Covid-19, has already affected more than 102 countries and counting. Though the virus is not so deadly it is spreading faster than any other similar virus. No remedy has been found yet for this disease. Only awareness can save us from being affected. So, let’s face it instead of being afraid.